Dance is the art of expression which brings out the voices of the soul to the world. India, is the land of cultures and arts, for India is rich in various heritage and traditions. Starting from various Classical dance forms in various states, to the modernized dance forms like Bollywood, Hip-Pop, Contemporary and many more among the youngsters, makes India, the land of dance. Here are some of the dance styles which are famous in India.
1. CLASSICAL DANCE FORMS
These classical dance forms refer to the ancient, cultural dance forms, which has a history for over many years. Each state in India, has its own classical dance, which expresses their beliefs, lifestyle and taste of art.
Bharatanatyam is the mother of all other dance forms, just like the language Tamil, for all the other languages. This dance form was originated in Tamil Nadu, especially from temples. Bharatanatyam is still seen as the most pure form of paying respect to the gods, through its grace, purity, expression, tenderness and sculpturesque poses. These narrate ancient, historic, religious stories through dance and induces one to get involved in it for its colourful costumes and rich ornaments. ‘Natarajar’, or ‘Lord Shiva’, is considered as the God of dance and his ‘Ruthra Thandavam’, was a form of Bharatanatyam only. With different mudras, body movements and gestures, this dance form was initially performed by women which was developed to the tastes of men too.
Kathak is a dance which narrates stories / ‘kathas’ and was originated from the northern parts of India, Uttar Pradesh. This is a dance form that focuses on ankle movements and swirls, for, the beat of the ankle bells should match the beat of the music. Though these are the basic rules of Kathak, it is still performed differently in Jaipur, Lucknow and other parts. It is also called as the ‘dance of love’.
Kuchipudi was originated from Andra Pradesh and is the classical dance of that state. This form is quite similar to Bharatanatyam, yet various in style and execution of steps, which does convey a story itself. The dancers also dance on plates and tumblers, which was also a type of aerobics in those days
Oddisi is famous in Orissa and is its classical dance. These are performed in various temples and gives more focuses for independent head and body movements. This is also one of the dance forms that have rich costumes and exhibition.
E. KATHAKALI & MOHINIYATTAM
Both these beautiful classical dance forms are originated from the ‘God’s own Country’, Kerela. Kathakali, unlike Kathak or any other art form, is a dance form which focuses on dramatics and facial expressions. Mohiniyattam is also a similar dance form to Bharatanatyam but with quite variations in terms of style and some mudras.
Even Karnataka has its roots in these classical dance forms through a dance form called the ‘Yakshagana’. Yakshagana, like Kathakali, is also a theatrical dance form which consists of heavy make-up, elaborate costumes, more footwork and some dialogues in the middle. Overall, this is a dance form which is a complete package for entertainment.
There are also various other classical dance forms like Manipuri, Sattriya and the like in India. India is the only country which has rich heritage and culture in each of its states
2. FOLK AND TRIBAL DANCE FORMS
Folk and tribal dance forms refer to the dance forms which were developed by common men and women as part of their community dance. These are usually performed during festive seasons and not in temples or for religious reasons. These are purely for entertainment purposes but still holds a rich cultural heritage in it. Indian states, each, have their own folk and tribal dance forms, which contribute to the overall dance culture in India.
Some of the famous tribal dances in these states are:A
Apsara – Sabah, Dhuliya, Zikirs and many more.
B. ANDRA PRADESH
Kolatam, Gobbi, Veedhi Bhagavatam, Urumulu (thunder dance), Garaga (Vessel Dance) and the Vira Natyam (Heroic dance), are only the few famous folk dances of Andra.
Amon, Shigmo, Fugdi, Dhalo, Mussoll and many more.
D. ARUNACHAL PRADESH
Idu Mishmi and Wancho, Ponung, etc.
Rasleela, Phalgun, Dhamaal, Loor, Ghomar, Holi and the like.
Thirayattam, is an ethnic dance form of Kerela. Theyyam, Vattakkali, are some of the other folk dances in Kerela.
G. TAMIL NADU
Kummi, Karakam, Puravai Attam, Mayilaattam, Kolattam and the like.
There are various other folk dance forms, in other states too.
3. WESTERN DANCE FORMS
Indians are also prone to a variety of Contemporary dance styles and there also various dance schools which teach people these dance forms. Contemporary involves a lot of aerobic body movements and they also hold emotions to express an idea or even a story through dance moves.
Ballet is a western classical dance, which works more on the toes and aerobics. These are also famous in India, for Indians are familiar with this dance style too. They have even participated in various dance performances and dance shows with ballet as their main dance form. Even in various movies, this dance form is used.
Hip-Pop dancers in India are more in number right now, for, with the world becoming smaller, even the various cultures are getting collaborated. Hip-Pop, is more of a robotic dance, which works for each beat of the song. Most of the youth dancers in India are familiar with Hip-Pop, and is becoming a nation-known dance form in India.
4. BELLY DANCE
Indians are also familiar with one of the entertaining dance forms, called the Belly dance. This dance forms focuses mostly on the hip movements and are mostly performed by women, who shake their hip and belly to match with the beat.
Though Salsa is a dance form of Spain, it is also a famous dance form in India, for many Indians are familiar with this art form and they even perform like professionals in these.
Indians, sometimes do mix both these western dance forms with the classical dance forms, to being in a new variety of dance form, to entertain the audiences. Therefore, India is a land of all dance forms and of energetic and passionate people who are ready to learn any form and to master it.
Bollywood refers to the Hindi Film Industry. There’s a dance form called ‘Bollywood’, to highlight the dance forms in the Hindi movies. This genre has got a whole new section for it, as it is very entertaining and are popular world-wide. Therefore, Bollywood is also a famous dance form in India, which was originated in the Hindi film industry and is now used everywhere.
These are some the famous dance forms in India, which has produced a lot of great dancers like Prabhu Deva, Terrance, Remo D’Souza, Rukmini, Shobana and many more into the world’s limelight. These dance forms in India, are not only for professional or religious purposes but are mostly for entertainment and celebrations. However, no matter what, Indian’s dances will always carry their tradition and culture.
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